Articles & papers

An introduction to the concept of knowledge structures

This is Part 1 of an ongoing series on knowledge structures. I look at why the concept of knowledge structures is important, explain what a knowledge structure is and describe the different types of knowledge structures. Read here.

Using the knowledge organisation hierarchy

This is Part 2 of an ongoing series on knowledge structures. The knowledge organisation hierarchy is a model that can be used for understanding the hierarchical organisation of knowledge and how to approach the structuring of content. Read here.

Organising knowledge with multi-level content: Making knowledge easier to understand, remember and communicate

A paper about how the issues of structure and multiple knowledge levels create problems for learners – and how knowledge maps and multi-level content can help knowledge to be communicated more effectively. Read here.

Multi-level summaries: A new approach to non-fiction books

The paper shows how multi-level summaries can make non-fiction books easier to understand, remember and act on. Read here.

In defence of summaries: A response to Iain McGilchrist’s critique

In response to Iain McGilchrist, an acclaimed writer and psychiatrist, who argues that summaries are often detrimental, I suggest that summaries have many benefits. However there are always trade-offs in choosing summary or detail. That’s why they should always be combined rather than seen as an either/or choice. Read here.

The power of diagrams

An article about how effectively diagrams can enhance communication. It looks at four aspects of diagrams that show their explanatory power: communicating the big picture; communicating the essence of ideas; communicating complexity; and making processes more tangible. Read here.